Acid-Sensing Ion Channels (ASICs) are neuronal voltage-insensitive cationic channels which are activated by extracellular protons. They belong to the ENaC/Deg superfamily of ion channels. Up to now 6 members of the ASIC family have been identified: ASIC1 – ASIC 4, and the splice variants ASIC1a, 1b and 2a, 2b. The ASIC family members are trimeric and can be made up of different combinations of subunits. All ASICs are expressed in the peripheral nervous system. ASIC1a, 2a, 2b and 4 are expressed in the central nervous system. ASICs are promising drug targets for treating a wide variety of conditions linked to both the CNS and PNS especially implied in pain pathways.