How a multiplex ELISA helps development of rapid diagnostic tests
One of the challenges in R&D is to find robust technologies to develop diagnostic tests. Notably, it could be within a context of asymptomatic infections for which reliable detection of positive specimens is crucial.
Jordi Landiera et al. have just published an article in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology (doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00565-18) using a combination of PCR and immunoassays to reveal the benefit of an HRP2-based ultrasensitive rapid diagnostic test that was developed to improve the detection of Plasmodium falciparum low density infections.
They used the multiplex ELISA Quansys technology as reference antigen detection and quantification. The Quansys human malaria 4-plex ELISA test quantifies, in the same well for each specimen, the proteins of plasmodium PfHRP2, lactate dehydrogenase PvLDH, and PanLDH. The criteria for positive specimens was a quantity above 2.3pg/ml of PfHRP2. Combined with ultrasensitive PCR, it evaluated the performance of the uRDT.
Covering vast topics such as angiogenesis, obesity, and inflammations, the Quansys multiplex ELISA tests help not only for analysis of effects of treatments (that could be chemicals, oligonucleotides, or even mRNA) but, thanks to this example for Malaria, we can here see that it is a useful technology to efficiently support research and development of diagnostic tests.
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The Quansys technology is available throughout Europe from tebu-bio, also as an outsourcing service.