Characterization & Applications of Human Cardiomyocytes
ReproCardio 2 Human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes have been extensively characterized for their functional responsiveness to the known cardiotoxic compounds. In all our tests, including assays of cardiotoxic compounds not correctly identified by the hERG assay, ReproCardio has generated results in complete agreement with clinical findings.
In this post, we’ll highlight the characterisation of ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes and illustrate the applications they are used for.
Characterization of ReproCardio 2 Cardiomyocytes
ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes are provided frozen, but even after thawing they retain structural integrity and function thanks to the specially developed freezing technology.
Expression of various cardiomyocyte-specific marker genes and cardiac ion channels
The expression of various cardiomyocyte-specific marker genes and cardiac ion channels have been confirmed. Moreover, ReproCELL’s specially-developed freezing technology makes it possible to keep a beautiful cytoskeleton after thawing of the frozen cells, which is not trivial for cardiomyocytes. (Blue:DAPI)
Electrophysiological characterization with patch clamp
ReproCardio2 can be used for manual patch clamp experiments when cultured as single cells. In vivo-like activities and properties including spontaneous action potential, Na/Ca/K channel currents are reliably observed. ReproCardio Coat for Patch Clamp is highly recommended for patch clamp assays.
Applications for ReproCardio 2 Cardiomyocytes
MEA recordings from beating thin layer formed by ReproCardio 2
When plated on a flat surface coated with ReproCELL’s coating material provided in the kit, ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes form a thin layer and start beating. Extracellular electrical recordings can be made by using MEA, and clear sodium and potassium peaks can be observed.
The following film represents MEA recording from a thin layer constituted of ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes
Live imaging of calcium concentration change using ReproCardio 2 thin layer
Calcium wave propagation over the cardiomyocyte thin layer can be observed by using conventional calcium-sensitive dyes. The accessibility of the cells within a thin layer for drugs makes this suitable for testing the effects of compounds to calcium activity of cardiomyocytes.
The film represents calcium imaging of a thin layer constituted of ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes using a calcium-sensitive dye (fluo-8).[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvJYKM8q8zs]
Forming multicellular clusters from ReproCardio2
Clusters can be formed easily by using the 96 well plate included in the kit.[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDGq0qlvAko]
A beating cardiomyocyte cluster on MEA[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLzh_MahPmI]
ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocyte clusters show robust beating. Extracellular electrophysiological recordings can be made by placing the clusters on electrodes like those of MEA system.
in vitro ECG-like waveform resembling in vivo heart activity
ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocyte clusters, when extracellular recording is performed, can generate ECG-like waveform. The effects of various compounds can be functionally evaluated using this in vivo-like system.[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7GPyTnQYCs]
The assay medium for extracellular recordings and live imaging is available separately.
So, what do you think of these ReproCardio 2 cardiomyocytes? Share your comments or questions below!